August 20, 2017

#Debt & working capital in #Mining: @EY_MiningMetals: across mining sector, leverage is being brought back under control

#Miners have beeen reducing #debt levels this year as #commodities prices have increased

Gearing dropped to 34% for the top 50 miners, back to levels last seen in 2013, but still 2x that of 2011

EY - Debt in mining

EY - Debt in mining

August 7, 2017

#Gold & #silver Commitments of futures traders

Net Commitments of #gold futures traders show that large speculators #hedgefunds & money managers have increased their long positions. Net commercial traders increased their short positions (attachment 1). It looks like the market is in the building stage for something to come.


The Gold Barometers reveals that gold stocks are just about overbought and the physical gold is neutral and this already for some time as gold is in a trading range (attachment 2).


The KITCO Gold Survey indicates that Wall Street is 47% bullish and 41% bearish for this week. Main Street (Retail investors) are 48% bullish and 38% bearish for this week (attachment 3).


The XAU hourly gold chart shows that gold had a good week till Friday but lost all it gains on the U.S. unemployment figures. As per Friday, New York time 4 p.m. gold closed at US$ 1'258 per ounce for a loss of US$ 11 on the week (attachment 4).


The ARCA Gold Index (HUI) (attachment 5) shows that gold stocks tried to break through the 200-day moving average but failed. The weekly chart shows the same picture as HUI tried to break through the 40-week moving average on the upside but just couldn't make it (attachment 6). This is the 4th unsuccessful attempt this year to rally over this average.


Net Commitments of silver futures traders show the same picture as in gold. Large speculators are building their long positions while net commercial dealers are increasing their short positions. These positions are still small compared where they were over the last 12 months.


August 3, 2017

World @GoldCouncil H1 #Gold demand down 14%;slower #ETF inflows offset stronger consumer demand

World @GoldCouncil's detailed publication on gold demand and supply trends during the second quarter 2017, analysed by sector and by region.


ETF inflows slowed dramatically from last year's record pace
ETF holdings continued to grow: after adding 56t in Q2, H1 inflows reached 167.9t. European ETFs saw
the strongest H1 inflows: holdings in these funds reached a record 977.7t.

Bar and coin investment rebounded from very low levels
Q2 demand gained 13% from Q2 2016, while H1 demand rose 11%. A strong jump in Turkey was fuelled by
economic recovery, double-digit inflation and relative currency stability.

Jewellery demand strengthened from weak 2016, but fell short of the long-term average
India was the main contributor to the 8% gain in Q2, as it recovered from extremely low 2016 demand.

Technology demand registered its third consecutive quarter of growth
Growth in wireless charging and development of features that use LEDs boosted demand. New smartphone
handsets supported chip production.

Second Feature Article
Gold demand statistics
Latest statistics on gold global supply and demand. View second quarter 2017 gold statistics. [

July 27, 2017

#Cobalt, #EV's & #DRC: What will the bonanza mean for the #Congo? @FT

The move to ban petrol & diesel cars in France & UK will have a huge impact on the demand for #Cobalt. The #DRC as the main producer better find a way to clean up its act.

Clean electric cars are built on pollution in Congo: The country’s cobalt bonanza looks set to benefit only elites and mining companies

The MasterMetals Blog


July 11, 2017

#Gold: #HongKong #HKEX & #LME New contracts & trading systems

Two #HKEX platforms trade 24 hours a day; could turn HK into a global #gold trading hub

#Gold US$1,210/oz vs US$1,207/oz yesterday –

From SP Angel: Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing (HKEX) has said 3,000 of its new gold contracts traded on their launch day

London Metal Exchange traded a third of this volume on its system which also went live today.

The two HKEX platforms trade 24 hours a day and could turn HK into a global gold trading hub while allowing Chinese currency RMB deposits to trade in gold

The idea is to attract trading and investment away from the much larger OTC market, to increase market visibility and enable better regulation

The HKEX gold contract is available for trading in offshore renminbi 'CNH' and US dollars enabling the arbitrage between CNH futures and the other currency gold contracts

Physical delivery in Hong Kong is also available which should lead to price convergence and help prevent manipulation

#Gold #ETF holdings in June up from May: World @GoldCouncil

Weak currencies are #Gold's best friends! 

In the U.K., with the weaker Pound, UK's Source Physical Gold Trust added 12.2 tonnes of gold or 12% to 111.72 tonnes in June 2017.


·         At the end of June, total holdings in gold-backed ETFs and similar products stood at 2,313.1t (74.4moz), 22.2t higher from May. These holdings were valued at US$92.4bn, 1% lower compared to a month earlier.
·         North American and European Funds led the way: the former gained 12.8t to 1,227.1t while the latter added 10.5t to 977.7t. Asian funds lost 1.3t (-2%) to 61.9t and funds in the Other region increased marginally (+0.2t) to 46.4t. 
·         In North America, gains by iShares Gold Trust (+7.4t) outpaced that of SPDR Gold Shares (+5.0t). Their holdings at the end of June were 210.3t and 852.5t respectively.  
·         In Europe, it was UK's Source Physical Gold P-ETC that witnessed the largest inflow across the universe in the month. Its holdings increased a whopping 12.2t (+12%) to 111.7t.
·         In Asia, decline of the Chinese fund holdings slowed in June. After falling below the 20t mark during June, holdings of the Hua'an Yifu Gold ETF rebounded and ended the month at 20.0t. 

June 24, 2017

#Zinc Positioned to Move Higher After Successful Retest of Support: $TV.TO, $TK.V

Zinc is breaking out from a five month bearish channel and two month double bottom

From Paradigm Capital: 

Zinc Positioned to Move Higher After Successful Retest of Support: TV, TK

Chart 1 – Zinc has printed a bullish reversal off converging support levels along the 2014/2015 highs and retest of a seven year downtrend. The recent weakness was a healthy correction to work off the overbought pressure built up from the ~100% advance in 2016. Now weekly momentum has reset with Full Stochastics curling higher from oversold levels, confirming the price reversal off converging support levels. Zinc remains the strongest commodity within the CRB Index as price action carves out a multi-year uptrend and once again breaks out on a relative basis. Conservative long term upside measures to $3,500/t ($1.59/lb).


Chart 2 – Near-term, Zinc is breaking out from a five month bearish channel and two month double bottom. The breakout confirms the bullish divergence in momentum indicators and positions price action for a rally back to the 2017 highs. Look for any near-term checkback to find support at ~$2,650.


Chart 3 – Trevali was unable to break above resistance at the 2014 highs on its first attempt as momentum was already trending at overbought levels. Price action has subsequently pulled back in a retest of converging support levels along the uptrend from the 2015 lows and previous multi-year downtrend. With momentum now reset as price action tests support, the risk reward setup is very favourable.


Chart 4 – Tinka Resources has also pulled back to an attractive level along the rising 100-day moving average and 1/3rd retracement of the 2016-2017 advance. Momentum indicators have largely reset, providing a favourable risk/reward entry level.




Zinc: Bullish Reversal Off Support





Zinc: Breakout from Bearish Channel





Trevali Resources Corp.:





Tinka Resources Ltd.:



June 17, 2017

World's Billionaire Investors Buy #Gold

Infographic: Why the World's Billionaire Investors Buy Precious Metals
"They want to make money – but they also want to execute on strategies that will protect their wealth and build robust portfolios that can withstand any type of macro event."

Why the World's Billionaire Investors Buy Precious Metals

Why the World's Billionaire Investors Buy Precious Metals

There are always lessons that can be learned from the "smart money".

Unlike regular investors, billionaire money managers like Ray Dalio and Stan Druckenmiller are professional investors. They have entire institutional teams at their disposal, dive deep into the nuances and complexities of the market, and spend every waking moment of their lives thinking about how to get more from their investments. 

They want to make money – but they also want to execute on strategies that will protect their wealth and build robust portfolios that can withstand any type of macro event. 

Turning to Gold

In recent months, some of these elite investors have turned to precious metals like gold as a part of their overall investment strategies.

In the following infographic from Sprott Physical Bullion Trusts, we explain why these investors are adding precious metals to their portfolios, the underlying tactics, and the best quotes each investor has on assessing today's market

Why are these billionaires buying precious metals?

Their cited reasons can basically be summed up with six categories: wealth preservation, store of value, inflation hedge, portfolio diversification, future upside, and investment fundamentals.

What Billionaire Investors are Doing

1. Lord Jacob Rothschild
In late summer 2016, Rothschild announced changes to the RIT Partners portfolio because he was worried about very low interest rates, negative yields, and quantitative easing, saying they are part of the "greatest monetary experiment in monetary policy in the history of the world".

His solution? Buy gold to help preserve wealth, and as a store of value for the future.

2. David Einhorn
Einhorn has a similar assessment. He believes that monetary policy is becoming increasingly adventurous, and that this – along with the policies of the Trump administration – will eventually lead to large amounts of inflation.

In February 2017, he shorted sovereigns, and bought gold.

3. Ray Dalio
Ray Dalio is the founder of the world's top hedge fund, Bridgewater Associates, but he's also no stranger to gold.

If you don't own gold, you know neither history nor economics.

– Ray Dalio, Bridgewater Associates

More recently, in 2016, Dalio is quoted as telling investors to own a well-diversified portfolio that is 5-10% gold.

4. Stanley Druckenmiller
Druckenmiller, some people argue, is the best money manager of all time.

Lately, he's placed his bets on gold as well, but for different reasons than the above managers. Druckenmiller has always placed big trades with lots of conviction, and in February 2017 he put his money in gold because "no country wants its currency to strengthen".

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June 16, 2017

#SouthAfrica - New 30% #BEE More cost and less productivity if implemented New black empowerment rules

#AngloGold Ashanti $AU  & #GoldFields $GFI are suffering 

From @Scotiabank 

 "South Africa: New Mining Charter More Unfavorable Than Expected (For AU & GFI)…:  The South African Department of Mineral Resources released its Reviewed Mining Charter this morning, which takes immediate effect. The final version of the Charter includes more stringent requirements for miners than both the Mining Charter previously in effect and the draft revised Mining Charter that was released last year. The South African Chamber of Mines, which represents the vast majority of the miners, characterized the new Charter as being unilaterally imposed on them and is commencing legal actions to suspend the implementation of the Charter. Scotiabank Senior Precious Metals Analyst  flagging the key details and impact of the new charter below.

 1)     Requirements of Revised Charter. i) Black ownership requirement: increased to 30% from 26%, and "once-empowered, always-empowered" concept removed; for green fields projects, the minimum is 50%+1 ii) Procurement: 70% of mining goods/80% of services must be sourced from black economic empowerment (BEE) companies and mineral samples must be processed in-country; additionally locally sourced mining goods must be manufactured in-country iii) Black employment requirement: certain minimum percentages of board members and employees at each organization level must be Black Persons, a portion of which must also be female iv) New 1% BEE Royalty: The 30% BEE owners are to receive a priority 1% gross royalty (not included in the draft).

 2)     Removal of "once-empowered, always-empowered" concept. In prior versions of the Charter, the BEE ownership requirements were only required to be met at one point in time (i.e. BEEs entities/people could sell their interests and use the proceeds as they pleased). Under the new Charter, a 30% minimum BEE ownership is required in perpetuity.

 3)     Miners' response: commencing legal action to suspend implementation of Revised Charter. The Chamber of Mines says that unlike for previous iterations of the Mining Charter, it was not substantively consulted in this process and the current version is unworkable. As a result, it plans to immediately commence legal proceedings to delay or reduce the impact of the new Charter, including seeking to suspend implementation of the entire Charter, pending court review of the requirements, and to challenge the removal of the "once-empowered, always-empowered" concept.

 4)     Impact to AngloGold Ashanti and Gold Fields: 26% of AngloGold Ashanti's (AU-US, SP, US$13.50, Tanya Jakusconek) and Gold Fields' (GFI-US, SP, US$4.00, Tanya Jakusconek) NAV are each related to South African operations. If implemented as-is, the most obvious impacts of to the companies are reduced ownership of and higher costs at their respective operations. At GFI, 10% of its South African operations is already owned by a BEE company, implying that an additional 20% could be required to be given to BEE groups (~$0.30/sh impact). For AU, Tanya understands that BEE groups do not currently have any direct ownership so they could be required to give 30% to BEE groups (~$1/sh). The more stringent procurement requirements in particular could cause costs to increase significant and could impact productivity if equipment selection is reduced".